項目

Sep 03 2012

Shanxi vist report July 2012

Published by under 山西省植林

Shanxi visit report 1st July to 4th July 2012

We had 6 persons taking part in this visit to Shanxi including Dr. Kwan and his son Geoffrey, Dr. Chong and his family, Grace and Edward and Mr. Chan Siu Kin

We travelled from Hong Kong at 6 am 1st July to Sheklau through Shenzhen and reaching Tai Yuan airport at about 12 noon. It took about 4 more hours before we arrived at around 5:30pm.

We were warmly welcome by Mr.解, previous party secretary of the town (靈泉鎮) now promoted to the deputy head of the Sheklau County. He again showed his support of the local government of our foundation’s work in ShekLau. We stayed in the guest house in ShekLau town center which had some improvement in its room facilities supplying at least hot water more constantly now.

The next day we visited Siu Ching village( 四江村), our plantation site early at 8 am. As the path to zone 22 was destroyed by rainfall we had to walk through area 1, 2, 3 to try to reach zone 22. We were accompanied by ManBen and Mr. Cheung Kin Kam the previous village head to walk up the plantation site. The zone 1,2,3,4 planted since 2007 were growing well. (Pictures 1,2,3,4) The area that we set up a small monument for marking the donation by Mr. Shih Wing Ching had formed a small forest and growing to height of 4th floor building.

Picture 1 Area 3 planted 2007

Picture 2, path at area 1

Picture 3 Area 4 (2007)

Picture 4 Area 4

Trees could be seen with naked eyes in area 6 and in area 10, small trees can be seen with binocular from opposite side though covered very much by high grass. The area where students planted their trees had grown up well too forming very neat evergreen zone at roadside near area 7 which very well at a slope. (Pictures 5, 6, 7)

Picture 5 Area 6 (2008).

P. 6 Area 10

Picture 7 Area 7

The weather was very hot soon after the sun went up higher. Dr. Chong had to

stop himself after two hours walk up to area 19,20 and area 12 for fear of heat stroke.

Dr. Kwan managed to walk to area opposite area 21 and stop for the heat and tiredness. Mr. Cheung managed to walk to area 13 and then claimed down area 22 by himself. He promised to send me photos that he would take in close range of the tree trenches condition in zone 22 and send me afterward. ( pictures 8, 9,10,11,12 )

Picture 8

Area 18, 19, 20

Picture 9 Area 12 &13 (2010)

Picture 10 a & b Area 12 (2010) close up view

Picture 11 Area 22 (2011)

Picture .12 a & b Area 22 (2011) Trees within tree trenches

We had to walk back through the original path at about 10:30 am and returning to the home of Mr. Cheung at about 12:30 noon. We were hosted for the lunch and took rest to avoid the strong sunshine at noon till about 3 pm.

We took our afternoon trip to area 6 village where our first spring eye emerged in 2009. We were excited to find another small spring water eye in opposite slope of our original water spring. That proved the water table had risen to allow more and more spring eyes to be found later. The original spring water eye also grows and its flow now could be seen for more than 50 meters from its origin i.e. about half the distance from the outside entrance where a further 50 meters flow will connect the flow with a main small stream flowing in the valley which will flow into Yellow River through 屈產河, the tributary of Yellow River flowing through Si Chin village.(Picture 13,14,15)

That growing of the first spring eye and emergence of the second spring eye confirmed the water storing function of the tree trenches and the water retaining power of the plantation work done in previous years. It is a good sign for consolidating our plantation site with further expansion to make the catch water zone bigger.

Picture 13, new second spring eye found

Picture 14 Growing flow of first spring eye

Picture 15 close up view of water

At night time after dinner, we were brought by ManBen to visit the ShekLau new town square—the Moon Night square. It was a new large area just built last year and with an area of the size of two to three football fields. Residents were gathering there after dinner for rest and social activities such as folk dancing and leisure exercise.

There was a water fountain as well and children were playing rollers and toy cars around. It was a big improvement of ShekLau people’s leisure activities with that opening of the square. We felt happy to see improvement of living condition there also.

The next day (3rd July, we paid a visit to the bridge connecting Shanxi with Xanxi crossing the Yellow River. We passed by a village school headed by the relative of ManBen and took the advantage to give a brief environmental education talk to the primary school students before they left their boarding for their summer holiday.

We returned to TaiYuan in the afternoon and took dinner with Mr.Kwong Lap Kwong, the deputy head of the TaiYaun Forestry Research Institute to discuss the setting up of a small climate recorder machine in ShekLau to document micro environmental change after our plantation. Actually we had seen again a hare and two pheasants while we inspected our plantation site.

In final day of our trip on 4th July, we visited Wong Man Ling the first experimental site of our foundation in Shanxi set up late Dr.Chia. We were happy to note that the trees were still growing well there but many side branches were being cut. We found a new village head ( Mr. Fong) was elected and we met him personally.

Dr.Kwan and Mr.Chan walked up to inspect the trees while Dr. Chong talked with the new village head. We were informed that the American students visited Wong Man Ling again last summer and we stressed the importance of keeping the trees planted for attraction. Grace Ling also advised them to develop the ecological tour as the villagers were getting old and agriculture would only bring very limited return for them. The village head agreed and would explore that possibility later.

Dr.Kwan reported also seeing hare and pheasants and lots of insects and butterflies in our plantation site. We left without taking lunch in the villagers’ home. In the afternoon we went for the Shanxi museum before we left for the airport at 4 :40 pm.

We were unfortunate to have a flight delay and finally arrive Shenzhen about 12 midnight.

Volunteer: CHONG Hou Ming

Team Leader of the Shanxi Project

2 September 2012

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Jan 10 2012

山西省植林工作報告

Published by under 山西省植林,植林


山西省植林工作報告

 

201110山西省石樓縣四江村  21植林區視察概况

 

植林組義工鄧錫英醫生伉儷及羅鄭琗瑾女士,於2011年10月26至29日到山西省、石樓縣、四江村視察,以跟進在該區的植林計劃。

詳情如下:

  1. 第21區的植林計劃,有139畝荒地,當地承包隊目於2011年中聘請村民進行樹坑挖掘工作。樹坑情况請參閱以下圖片:

 

 

 

2. 今年的種植季節剛好在我們於2011年10月27日抵達四江村時開始,翻越山路到達植林區時;可見到樹苗已陸續運抵,路旁也堆放了稻殼,稻殼將用於與表土混和後,再回填到剛種植樹苗的樹坑中。樹苗及稻殼見以下圖片:

 

 

 

3. 經細心挑選及修剪的樹苗在種植後,會有較佳的生長效果。樹苗分兩批於早上及午後送往植林區; 此舉可避免樹苗受烈日暴曬,確保樹苗在種植時保持在最佳狀態。請參閱以下圖片:

 

 

4. 植林區由督導員監察,確保工序達到標準要求。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. 第21植林區有小部分面積因鋪設輸送天然氣的管道而受破壞,承包隊目應允在種植樹苗前修補,確保植樹工作順利進行。 受破壞之情況見以下圖片:

 

 

6. 最近接到四江村植林承包隊目的報告:樹苗已於2011年11月尾完成種植,已種的樹苗總數為30,580株。樹種包括:刺槐、杏、 山桃、側柏、文冠果、火炬。但在新種植樹苗的周圍用松樹皮覆蓋的工序要留待明年春季才能展開,原因是近日植林區降雨量增加及降雪造成山坡濕滑,承包隊目為了民工的安全,決定延遲此項工序。

 

2012年的工作展望:

植林組義工將於2012年春季,繼續跟進松樹皮覆蓋的工作,在天氣情况許可下,確保工作順利執行。

鑑於樹坑挖掘順利,樹苗經細心挑選及修剪,秋季雨量充足,加上種植樹苗後期降雪,相信樹苗於明春能茁壯生長。

 

山西植林組:鄧錫英    羅鄭琗瑾

2011年12月15日

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Jan 10 2012

BRIEF PROGRESS REPORT ON SHANXI REFORESTATION

Published by under 山西省植林,植林

BRIEF PROGRESS REPORT ON SHANXI REFORESTATION

 

Inspection
Report on Area 21, Si Jiang Village, Shi Lou, Shanxi Province, China in
October, 2011 

 

An inspection trip was carried out by Dr. & Mrs. TANG and Mrs. Grace LO between 26th and 29th Oct., 2011, to follow up the progress of the reforestation program at Si Jiang Village, Shi Lou, Shanxi Province, China.

 

The details are as below: -

 

1. The reforestation program covers an  area of 139 acres at Area 21 of Si Jiang Village, Shi Lou,
Shanxi Province
. Temporary workers  from the Village who were employed by our Contractor in the middle of 2011 dug all trenches for seedling planting. The trenches are shown in the photos below: -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.  The planting of seedlings for this season had just started when we arrived at the Village on 27th Oct., 2011.  As we climbed up the hilly path to the site, we saw that seedlings were being delivered on site, waiting to be planted soon.  Also, there were husks being piled up at the side of the path, to be mixed into the topsoil for refilling the trenches after planting of the seedlings.
These are shown in the photos below: -

 

 

 

3.
Seedlings had been carefully chosen and trimmed for better results.  Besides, all seedlings to be planted for the day were carried to the site in two groups, some in the morning and the rest after lunch.  This is to avoid leaving young seedlings being exposed to sun for too long so as to keep them in good shape for planting. Photos taken on site are shown below: -

 

 

4.  On the planting site, there was also a supervisor, to check and to make sure that all work was being carried out properly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. A small section of Area 21 had been damaged by the construction work of the local natural gas pipe. Our Contractor promised to repair all damaged trenches before seedlings were to be planted. The photo below shows the situation.

 

 

6.  We received reports from Si Jiang Village that all seedlings planting had been
completed at the end of Nov., 2011. A total of 30,580 nos. of mixed seedlings had been planted.  They included:   刺 槐, 杏, 山桃,側柏, 文冠果,火炬。 Pine bark was yet to be  applied around  all  newly planted seedlings in the coming  Spring time. The Contractor decided to postpone this procedure for the safety of the workers because the site  was very damp and  slippery due to the higher than the average rainfall this  Autumn and a heavy snowfall right after the planting  work.

 

7. The Outlook of the Program in the Year of 2012

 

Our Shanxi Reforestation Team will double check in the Spring of 2012 to make sure that pine bark will be applied as soon as the weather and workforce allow.

 

As tree trenches were dug properly, seedlings were carefully chosen, trimmed and planting work was carried out accordingly, together with higher than the average rainfall of this autumn, heavy snowfall right after completion of the planting work in Si Jiang area, we expect that  the young trees will
grow well in the coming Spring.

 

Reported by:  Mrs. Grace LO and Dr. Philip TANG,

Shanxi Reforestation Team,
Green Action Charity Foundation Limited

 

Date:  15 December, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dec 22 2011

南方日報2011年11月7日南方調查(轉載)

Published by under 廣東省植林,植林

請點擊鏈接:南方日報2011年11月7日東山報導

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广东贫困“四大金刚” 贫困死结如何一步步松开?

2011-11-07   南方日报

“一条竹竿当衣箱,二捆稻草一张床,三块石头一个灶,一年四季吃杂粮。”这是人们对曾被称为广东贫困乡镇“四大金刚”之一的阳山县杜步镇东山村(原东山乡)村民生活的真实写照。

这个方圆75平方公里的山村,只有100多亩水田,到处是光秃秃的石头山。除了石头之外,可谓是“金木水火土”五行皆缺:缺金,是没钱;缺木,是没树;缺水,没水源;缺火,烧饭也找不到柴草;缺土,就是没水田。

在这片贫瘠的土地上,人地矛盾异常尖锐,贫困就像一座大山,难以撼动;贫困就如一个死结,难以松解。

但今年的金秋,当南方日报记者进入东山村时, 发现历经谢非、李长春、张德江、汪洋四任广东主官的扶贫攻坚“接力”,经过持续20年的多路向、多兵种的“扶贫攻坚战”,特别是近三年来的“双到”扶贫, 昔日压得人喘不过气来的贫困大山已经大面积地崩解,贫困的死结已经大大松动。

山上迁移到山下

从1万多人的东山乡缩水到1000多人的东山村,搬迁扶贫是解开“两不具备”高山地区贫困死结的不二选择

“这里根本不具备现代人生存的条件”,一位地质学家到东山村考察后曾作出这样的结论。

然而,在这么恶劣的自然环境下,上世纪80年代这里却聚集了1万多人口,群体性的贫困就在所难免了。杜步镇镇长曾伟明这样告诉记者。

一边是恶劣的生存环境,一边是大量的贫困人口。东山村的贫困似乎是一个死结,要从穷困中突围,看起来难于上青天。

山不转人转。解开贫困死结最关键的一招,是组 织人口大迁移。“这些石灰岩山区的村民不搬出来,很难脱贫。”阳山县委书记温湛滨介绍说,上世纪90年代后期,阳山根据省里相关政策,先后向珠三角地区迁 移了包括东山乡在内的高寒山区村民近8万人。这些人通过代耕、进厂等方式,逐渐融入当地社会。

阳山县对高寒山区村民的第二批大规模搬迁始于2000年。与第一批不同,此次移民主要采取“本地消化”形式:政府提供宅基地和补贴,鼓励高寒山区贫困村民搬下山来。

“上世纪90年代至今,阳山县建成了移民村168个,搬迁了11800户5.8万人。”阳山县扶贫办有关负责人告诉记者,东山村的常住人口也从以前的1万多人减少到1500多人。

数以万计的山民从山上迁移到山下,无疑是一项巨大的工程。但如何让他们安居乐业,尽快摆脱贫困,更是一大难题。

“为了让村民能够搬得出、住得稳、能脱贫,政 府一般选择条件较好、连片的耕地或荒坡来安置移民,将移民新村及配套设施与建立‘三高’农业基地紧密结合起来。”上世纪90年代初任东山乡党委书记的李河 告诉记者,有了高效农业,搬出去的村民能够发挥自己的长处,走农业产业化的道路,实现脱贫致富。“现在过年过节的时候,一些村民甚至还开着小汽车回来探 亲。”

“为了加快移民的脱贫奔小康步伐,政府还动员 和鼓励有一技之长的移民到城镇、公路沿线、旅游区从事二、三产业;同时,还注重对移民的劳动力技能培训,力求搬迁后富得起。”东山村村民陈志强说,上世纪 90年代初,他在镇里参加了烹调技术班,顺利考取了厨师证,找到了新的工作。“现在的日子比以前舒坦多了。”陈志强说,一家人年收入有4万多元,是20年 前的40倍。在他的家里,25寸彩电、DVD、消毒柜等现代化电器,一样不落。

种树涵养水土

有树才能涵养水土,才能打破金木水火土五行俱缺的恶性循环。种树,让生命荒漠转化为人间净土

在扶贫工作者致力于让农民“远离大山,靠近幸福”的同时,另一群人正在为改变东山村恶劣的生态环境而努力。

在由已故的香港慈善家谢士恒及其遗孀谢谭颖儿创建的东山植树蓄水风景区,记者看到,这里绿树成荫,流水汩汩,恍若一个小桂林,很难想象这里曾是一片石头裸露、植被稀少的荒山。

“1999年,我和丈夫谢士恒第一次来到东山 时,注意到这里许多村庄的名字都与水有关,比如石井、竹塘、深水等。当时我们就在想,东山的生态环境或许并非天生就是那么恶劣,以前的东山或许与其他地方 一样有树、有水,由于受到各种生态破坏,才造成了今天的状况。”谢谭颖儿说。

如何在石灰岩地区种树,恢复原有的生态?这对 来自香港的夫妇倾注了全部的心血与资财。从1999年起,谢士恒夫妇带领力行植林慈善基金会义工长驻东山,种植了大片生态林、风景林、水源林,使昔日荒芜 干旱、生态环境恶劣的石灰岩地区绿树成荫、溪水潺潺,东山街和杜步圩5000多群众由此喝上了“幸福水”。

“从我们的实践来看,不少石灰岩地区是可以种树的,关键是要下工夫选择合适的树种和种植技术。”谢谭颖儿说。这些年来,他们发现,种了树的石灰岩地区18个月之后便有水。有树便能留住日益稀薄的泥土,便能涵养出汩汩清水,便能打破金木水火土五行俱缺的恶性循环。

荒山变绿洲,让更多人看到了改变东山的希望。情系山区的香港晶苑集团决定参与绿化阳山活动,捐资40万元在东山营造500亩生态林工程,并委托县林业局派出精干人员负责项目的落实和监管。

在民间组织投入巨大热情的同时,政府也在积极 行动。当记者在东山村采访时,看到不少昔日的荒山长出了幼小的树木。“这是我们这几年来封山育林的成效。”阳山县副县长陈福向告诉记者,去年9月阳山全县 实施370万亩封山育林,并全面推进以生态建设为重点的各项工作,到今年5月底,造林面积1.48万亩,植树252.8万株,其中无林地造林0.3万亩。

今年,阳山县林业局还启动了《阳山县创建林业生态县活动工作实施方案》,全力打造阳山绿色生态屏障,加强森林生态功能,改善人居生态环境。目前,该县创建省林业生态县已列入省林业局2011年规划项目。

资源进山贫困后退

大山多的是人,缺的是树,更缺资金、信息和社会资本,社会组织、企业进山,贫困的坚冰加速融化

人口减少,生态恢复,解开了东山贫困死结的关键一环。然而,由于资金、资源、劳动技能的匮乏,留守在本村的1500多个村民依然有不少属于贫困户。

“搬迁是一条好路子,但是并非所有村民都能够 搬迁。”东山水岩村村民陈什养说。上世纪90年代政府对水岩村进行搬迁移民的时候,他家里有重病的父亲和弟弟,还有三个侄子,最小的才一岁,如果他当时搬 迁,重病的父亲和弟弟以及幼小的侄子均无人照顾,于是他只能留下来。后来,父亲和弟弟病死了,他就不得不留在村里照顾几个幼小的侄子,过着贫困的生活。

“东山村经过多年的搬迁之后,常住人口已经从1万多人减少到1000多人,资源虽然匮乏,但是已经承载得起。”李河说,让东山村所有的人都搬迁也不是最好的选择,对因种种原因留下来的人进行帮扶,让他们在本地脱贫致富,也是一个选择。

“东山的贫困并不是因为人懒或者笨,只要给机 会,我们同样可以闯出一片天。”东山村民李友合用自己的行动证明了这个观点。三年前,他用自己的积累,再东借西凑,办起了一个有400多头生猪的养殖场, 年出栏生猪1200多头,与温氏企业合作,年收入可达10多万元,成功脱贫致富,还被选为县人大代表。

“温氏等大型农业龙头企业的进驻,带来了信息、技术和资金等资源,带动了不少农民脱贫致富。”杜步镇镇委书记罗建文说,贫困地区并非天生就应贫穷,关键是资源匮乏,有了资金、信息和社会资本等各种社会资源进山,贫困的坚冰便会加速融化。

“双到”扶贫的开展,也帮助了大量村民脱贫致 富。“东山村现在的村民已经不多,关键是各界要加大帮扶力度,帮助他们发展特色产业。”佛山市南海区宣传系统是东山村“双到”扶贫的对口帮扶单位,该区的 驻村干部李科长告诉记者,南海区自“双到”帮扶东山村以来,通过改善该村的基础设施,发展优势种养业,已经使该村的贫困现象得到了很大的改观。

“我们促成佛山市禅城嘉宇地产公司、阳山扶贫 开发公司和村委会三方合作,成立益生农业生物科技发展有限公司,利用东山村自然资源优势,发展种养业,帮扶东山村发展集体经济,增加村集体收入,带动贫困 户发展养殖业脱贫致富。”李科长说。除此之外,南海还帮助东山村建立东山羊养殖基地,种植优质油茶树。

“事实上,东山村的一些特色产业还是不错的,比如说,东山的腐竹是我吃过的最好的腐竹,东山的养殖业和种植业也有一些优势。”李科长说,关键是要让各种资源进山,帮助他们脱贫致富。

■探访

昔日广东贫困“四大金刚”

在今年的全省扶贫开发“规划到户、责任到人” 工作会议上,省委、省政府要求各地再接再厉,继续打好消除贫困歼灭战,争取早日彻底甩掉“最穷的地方在广东”的帽子。而“最穷的地方在广东”,上个世纪 90年代被称为广东贫困乡镇“四大金刚”的清远市阳山县东山乡(现改为东山村合并到杜步镇)、清新县白湾镇(现改为白湾村合并到石潭镇)、英德的岩背乡 (现与明迳镇合并为黄花镇)、乐昌的沙坪镇当是最典型的代表。

经过多年的扶贫攻坚特别是近两年的扶贫“双 到”之后,昔日的贫困“四大金刚”有什么变化?其脱贫之路对改造“穷广东”有哪些值得借鉴之处?带着这些问题,近日,南方报业传媒集团党委副书记、南方日 报社总编辑张东明带领记者分四路深入曾是广东最贫困的四个乡镇采访,并从今天起推出“探访昔日广东贫困‘四大金刚’”系列报道。

■人物速写

“2007年底汪洋书记来我家的时候,我家里很穷,一天三餐两顿吃番薯,只能吃上一顿米饭,一个月最多能吃一次肉。”当记者探访阳山县东山村,来到村民周桂芳家的时候,周桂芳激动地说:“现在我餐餐有米饭吃了,一星期还可以吃上几顿肉。”

周桂芳是东山村典型的贫困户。他回忆说,2007年底,刚刚到广东上任的汪洋书记来到东山村调研,来到他家,那时候他三个小孩都在读书,自己身体又不好,家里靠种几亩旱地为生,收入少得可怜,只能靠番薯和玉米糊度日。

不久之后,“双到”扶贫的春风吹到了贫困的东山村,周桂芳的生活开始发生变化。

“我的生活已经有了很大的改善,家里已经有3部手机了。也吃上了米饭。”周桂芳说,以前吃番薯吃怕了,现在就是不大想吃番薯。

不用天天吃番薯

家里有3部手机

东山村村民周桂芳:

■记者观察

“双到”后亟须建立脱贫长效机制

昔日压得人喘不过气来的贫困大山现在大面积崩解,看似无法解开贫困的死结现在大大松动,东山村的脱贫之路告诉我们,要啃下扶贫济困最难啃的骨头,长期的关注、制度的创新和多方的参与是解决问题的关键。

“贫困问题需要长期的关注和关怀。”这是记者在采访中听得最多的话,这句话也引起我们产生了新的思考:在“双到扶贫”任务完成之后,如何建立脱贫长效机制?

“一些积重难返的贫困人口,虽然在‘双到’之时能够脱贫,但是‘双到’结束之后,这些人还有返贫的可能。”李河说,对东山村的一些村民来说,在“双到”扶贫基本完成任务之后,如何建立脱贫长效机制尤为重要。

“搬迁的移民大多数还是过得不错的。但也是有一些人在搬迁后户口问题得不到解决,子女读书遇到了问题,有些人搬迁后不能适应新的环境,还有一些由于种种原因,生活依然贫困。”该负责人说,这些问题表明,贫困地区的搬迁移民依然需要各界的关怀。

●南方日报记者 张东明 陈清浩 邓红辉 黄津

通讯员 唐志荣 肖剑平 发自清远阳山

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Sep 04 2011

香港志愿者赴黄土高原植林涵水

Published by under 山西省植林,植林

網站連結:http://news.sina.com.cn/c/sd/2011-08-10/083122966256.shtml

香港志愿者赴黄土高原植林涵水

http://www.sina.com.cn  2011年08月10日08:31  新华网
 
  (中国聚焦)力行近乎仁——香港志愿者黄土高原植林涵水的故事
  新华网太原8月10日电(记者 向建国 刘翔霄)山上,一片新绿覆盖了黄土;山脚,一眼山泉水缓缓地渗出,一簇芦苇随风摇曳,受到惊扰的野兔、山鸡仓皇逃走……
  很难相信,这是中国水土流失最严重的黄土高原上的一个真实画面。
  这是香港力行植林慈善基金会的一群志愿者,在黄土高原上的国家级贫困县石楼县四江村,“种”下的这个奇迹。
  黄土高原的植林奇迹
  记者日前来到位于吕梁山区的石楼县四江村。这个黄土高坡环绕的村子,正对面的两面山,便是香港力行植林慈善基金会自2007年开始种植的林木。旁边的一座山头,黄色依然是主色调,而这里则已是郁郁葱葱,形成了一片茂密的林地,5年前种下的树木有的已有约4米高,10多厘米粗。
  四江村支部书记、村主任张建金告诉记者,他在村里生活了55年,“第一次见到家乡的山上有这样大片而茂密的林地”。他带领记者来到一座陡峭的向阳坡介绍说:“这条秃义沟坡度大约在50―60度,一直被认为是树木无法生长的地方。我当中学生时在这里植过树,24年前当村主任时也组织植过树,都没有成功。”而如今,香港志愿者在这里种植的树木已经长到1米多高。
  据山西省林科院副院长、高级工程师邝立刚介绍,由于独特的种植方法和较高的前期投入以及悉心的管理,力行基金会植树的成活率一般在70%以上,远高于当地植树的成活率。而据力行基金会山西项目负责人庄厚明医生介绍,四江村的植树成功率已经达到90%,完全解决了“年年植树不见树”的状况。
  从2007年开始的5年间,力行基金会已经在四江村栽种树木1300多亩,31万株。庄厚明说,基金会的下一个目标是达到植林3000亩。
  为了逝者的嘱托
  力行植林基金会成立于2005年,是为了完成已故香港医生谢士恒的遗愿,在谢医生精神感召下成立的。基金会的宗旨是“身体力行,量力而行”,致力于内地缺水地区的植林与造水工作。
  谢士恒医生是香港的“植林愚公”,并因此与太太谢谭颖儿双双获得过香港“第二届爱心奖2007”。他的“绿色事业”始于1993年。那一年,他回广东梅县探亲,亲眼见乡亲们在近乎枯竭的井旁等候取水饮用,罪魁则是当地山头过度砍伐,失去涵养水源的功能。
  自那时开始,谢医生就开始了不停歇的植造生态林的善举。梅县的山染绿了,山泉水源源不绝。从1999年开始,谢医生又在被称为“不宜人居”的广东石灰岩地区阳山县东山乡植林,也取得极大成功。
  谢医生曾经解释自掏腰包做“ 植林愚公”的举动:“中国人的身份使我有归属感,医生的天职令我愿意为山区农民做实事”。他认为,如果能通过造林令更多人喝上无污染的水,那么人的卫生状况能得到改善,疾病会减少,这也是医生治病救人的一种方法。
  2005年,谢医生和他的植林团队又把目标定在水土流失更为严重的黄土高原。然而,就在这年3月,缠身多年的病魔终于将谢医生击倒。在病榻上,谢医生紧紧地攥着飞往太原的机票迟迟不肯退票,他对前去看望他的志愿者同道说:“希望(老天)能再给我一年时间,我要看看黄土高原上植林的成果。”
  老天没能多给谢医生一年的时间,但一群志愿者在他精神的感召下,“誓以群体的力量完成他的未竟事业”,并与他太太一道,成立了力行植林慈善基金会。一批包括医生、律师、公务员、银行管理者等在内的专业人士,每年利用自己的假期,来到山西黄土高原,续写“植林愚公”的“绿色事业”。
  几年里,志愿者年年往返香港-黄土高原。每年前来3、4次的庄厚明医生机票已经有了一大沓,“起初从太原到四江村需要颠簸9个小时,现在路好了,只要4个小时。”记者注意到,自愿者的所有食宿行,甚至包括一瓶矿泉水,都是自掏腰包。
  石楼县:悉心守护好这片林地
  谢士恒医生的事迹感召着香港志愿者,而香港志愿者的精神也影响着黄土高原上的人们。
  据庄厚明医生介绍,力行基金会植林的目标是“可制造水源的生态林”:既造一片青山,也养一池绿水,特别是村民能够饮用的水源。但由于生态林种植主要是公益性和长远的环境效益,一些只看重眼前利益的地方并不热心,基金会的爱心也曾在一些地方碰壁。
  贫困的石楼县则是以宽大的胸怀和远见欢迎这些志愿者。石楼县副县长兼灵泉镇党委书记解利新说,当我们得知他们抱一腔热情来为我们染绿黄土时,我很感动也很佩服,“我想,我们一定要小心翼翼呵护这支队伍,保护好这种精神。”
  基金会办理各种手续,石楼县一路绿灯;县林业局成为基金会最好的合作伙伴和技术支持者。林业局原办公室主任文斌,成为自愿者中的一员,植林工程的大小事宜,他都鞍前马后。“石楼下雨了”、“又买了多少苗木”成为他与香港志愿者邮件往来的话题;林业局还安排技术人员随时上山查验农民挖坑植树的质量,不合格不放行;而四江村不仅安排人员认真管护林地,还明文规定,村民不得在这片生态林砍柴、放羊……村主任张建金说:“ 香港志愿者是为我们做事,我们有责任必须管护好(这些林地)。”
  力行基金会网站上有这样一句话:“《中庸》道,‘好学近乎智,力行近乎仁。’一望绵延无边的黄色荒脉,(我们)确信一心可以立己、可以立人,更可以兴邦。”

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Aug 30 2011

山西植林簡報(2011年7月)

Published by under 山西省植林,植林

Progress report of Shanxi project, July 2011, Green Action Charity Foundation:-

By Dr. Chong Hou Ming ( team head of Shanxi team)

 

Visit to ShiLou Shanxi (25th July to 27th July 2011)

 

Dr. Kwan Wing Kwong (Exco. of GCAF) , Dr..Chong Hou Ming( Team head of Shanxi project, GACF), Dr. Ling Yu Shih ,Mr. Joseph Chan, Miss LauXioHong, Edward Chong ( all are members of GACF), Mr. Eddy Ko and Ms Xiang( Reporter from Beijing New China Agency) went together to Sheklau on 25th July, 2011.

On 26th July, Dr.Kwan, Dr. Chong and Joseph Chan had walked through all 14 phase areas by the route of a newly made path with focus on new plantation tracking. The workers are digging tree trenches in area 18,19&22 donated by FTI foundation and planned to be finish work by mid August. The areas (area 10 and 12 donated by Mr.Shih Wing Ching Foundation) planted last years also inspected to have surviving trees in tree trenches. Dr.Ling and Ms. Xiang had walked through phase 1-4 areas. Area 3, the area donated by Mr. Shih Wing Ching in 2007, is now well occupied by tall trees about 30 feet high. The area 13 donated half by Crystal Group had also very good trees growing.. (see photos). The estimated survival rate in all areas is more than 90%.

     
New path for reaching area 21 Area 12 in center , area 13 and 22  Tall trees in area 3 ;

 

       
Tree trenches in area 22 Area 13 on top of mountain and area 12 Area 10 and 6

 

The soil in the tree trenches were wet after we dug out for few inches (see photos). Soil moisture and humus content were greatly improved by observation with significant change in texture and colors. The appearance of trees/small forest and condition of soil were much above our expectation and all in excellent condition. Ecology system was rebuilt with a hare, a wide cock, butterflies, ladybirds, different kinds of insects etc.

 

     
土质起了根本上的改变 Moist soil in trench 蝗虫乱舞给抓到New Insect 彩色虫虫在路边采花

Insect found

 

 

 

Mr. Joseph Chan gave a harmonica performance at SiJiang village.Villagers were actively involved not only being an audience but also as participants.

     
Performance from Mr. TC Chan An excellent male singer An excellent female

singer

 

 

We also visited the water source “spring eye” nearby (photo) which was found in out plantation site since 2010. New plants were found as result of more water comes out from the mountain.

     
小泉眼形成的沼泽 Swamp formed Spring eye 泉眼(泉城的第七十三泉) 石楼首次发现在黄土高原上长出芦苇

 

 

We organized two lectures on “New Village Reform”, “Human Resource Training in Village”, “The relationship betweenChinaand the World Economy” and “The continuity and future development of ShiLou county” delivered by Ms Lau and Dr. Ling and had discussions and dinner with government officials later on.

 

     
Lecture Harmonica performance Trees seen in WangWenLing

from village side

 

************

 

We went to WangWenLing in YangQu. On 27th July and inspected the previously planted trees. They were about the same as last year and can be seen from opposite mountain side with naked eyes.

At night,we had dinner with Mr. Kwong Lap Gong( Deputy head of the Tai Yuan Forestry Research Insititue) and discussed about all aspects of our plantation works. We hope we can have future scientific research support to help documentation of our work for further promotion of our effective plantation method in Losses Plateau.

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Nov 28 2010

2010年10月山西植林報告

201010月山西植林報告

 

情況簡報如下:—

 

一、2007年、2008年工程( 635)保存好,部分桑樹被地鼠破壞現已全部補植。在第一期植林區中,由施永青先生捐贈( 130 )的樹苗,現已生長成為15-20呎高的樹木,其存活率超過90%(見圖1,2,同一地點拍攝)

二、2009年工程(170, 其中 85畝是晶苑集團資助.)成活較好, 其成活比率為90%(見圖3,4)

三、第三期第二階段450畝荒地上,整坑工作於10月初完成。(見圖5)

四、本年度植林區的管理,維護工作已僱用當地村民負責。其工作範圍包括防火、滅鼠、護林、簡單的樹木修護及小路維修保養等,另基金會亦捐資道路維修費用。

五、在山谷的第一區與第六區之間發現有一個水源,前只為一個小水窪地,但張村長發現今年開始已發展成一條小水流。 (見圖6 )

六、王文嶺植林區(100 )樹木的成長,很多樹木都長得比人高,現仍存

的樹木約9000,與上年度相比差距不多, 2005現仍存活率約

 50-60%. (見圖7 )

 

計劃

 

希望在石樓縣的植林,能繼續維持現行的進度, 加入新的幼苗種植 ,今年(2010)十月底,完成約450畝的植林工作。

 

 

                                                   莊厚明

                                               20101012

 

 

1  石樓                                      攝於 2007

 

 

2  石樓                                   攝於201010

3  石樓 2009年工程

4  石樓 2009年工程,可見小樹苗已長起來       攝於2010

5  石樓450畝荒山,圖見部份己完成整坑工作   攝於201010

6  張村長發現有泉水不斷流出          攝於201010

7   王文嶺村的植林區                   攝於201010

 

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Nov 28 2010

山西石樓縣四江村林木生長的對比相片

林木生長實況,同一拍攝點的對比相片:

 

地點:山西省  石樓縣  四江村

 

 

攝於2007  完成整坑工程

 

 

攝於2008      剛種下的小樹苗

 

 

攝於2009年初     小樹苗長起來了

 

 

 

攝於2009年底     樹苗在成長

 

 

攝於2010年底    已經長成小樹林,約45,

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Nov 28 2010

2010年7月山西植林考察報告

20107月山西植林考察報告

726早上,我們到達石樓縣四江村,了解植林情況,張村長說由於2-3個月沒有下雨,已有1/3的玉米乾死,以前必經的小溪亦已斷流。我們先到一期三區施永青先生捐助的刺槐林區,發覺樹已長高至3.54米,土地覆蓋良好。再參觀一期其他植林區,刺槐和國槐皆生長良好,其他榆樹、杏樹、紫穗槐、柏樹皆生長不錯,但桑樹和棗樹則生長情況不理想。整體存活率在八成以上。

 

上山的泥路有明顯的雨水沖刷坑,村長提出希望基金會能資助修一水泥路,羅太已即場反對(因上面還有莊稼) ,她提出可考慮每20–30米掘一引水坑道並在外圍種植紫穗槐擋水。

 

在山頂遙望第26區的陡峭荒山,於2008年秋以水平溝所種的樹(以刺槐和紫穗槐為主) ,亦已長起來,肉眼可見。第二期之7,8,9區,樹木生長情況亦良好,二期整體存活率在89成間。

 

在山頂遠望三期的13區已打坑,地較平,雖然已植樹,但距離太遠看不到。管理員說長在水平溝的杏樹長得不好,長在水平溝之間的側柏則99%存活。三期12區見有一工人在掘坑,但因太乾旱,即將停止掘坑工作。三期10區的工程將在完成12區後才發展。

 

三期1213區後面就是剛租下的第四期22,23區,據村長說,山內有泉眼,仍有水流出,但因天氣太熱,我們無法前往。下次莊醫生去石樓時,必須去考察,若真有泉眼,羅太建議基金會應在泉眼四週好好用心種樹 (可長年生長而無經濟價值的林木)。

 

728一早我們便到王文嶺,在村長和村民陪同下考察林場。據村長說,現仍存的樹木約9000(8000株小樹,1000株大樹) ,過去一年超過9成存活下來,整體存活率約6成。

 

刺槐林仍是長得最好的,約3--4高,楊樹亦長高至2。臭樁樹亦長得不錯,有明顯自然繁殖的現象。其它樹種有紫穗槐、桑樹、梨樹,油松和側柏生長情況尚可。大部份的桃樹有病毒感染的跡象,但亦有結桃子。野草很高,對較矮小的樹木不知有沒有影響? 有村民於09年秋在我們旁邊的土地以傳統小坑植樹,不是死去,便是很弱。

鄧錫英撰稿

 

 

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May 05 2010

山西四月行日誌

 

山西四月日誌 (2010436)

 

第一天

 

由尖沙咀乘坐跨境巴士到深圳機場直飛太原。關永光醫生,葉榮根先生,高志豪先生,莊厚明醫生及太太和兒子,相約在太原機場集合。是日下午五時飛機降落在太原機場,當大家下機後立即乘車出發前往石樓,在高速公路上的休息站,約用了大概半小時進食晚飯,終於在晚上九時半到達了石樓。

 

第二天

 

我們花了整個早上及下午徒步巡視了在四江村的植林區。在第一期植林區中,由施永青先生捐贈的樹苗,現已生長成為12-15呎高的樹木 (1)

雖然在寒冬中樹木落掉了樹葉,但因這些樹坑是用松樹皮覆蓋,泥土即使挖深了數寸,仍然保持了濕潤 (2)

因在每個樹坑中所種的3棵樹苗大都生存,故其存活率應超過90%

 

我們沿着山路檢視了其他植林區域。而在去年春天在170畝耕地上所種植的樹苗,因路途太遠而未能徒步前往,故我們只好在山頂上遠眺瞭望(3)

我們亦見到根據當地農林部研究院長鄺先生建議方法種植的20畝耕地植苗樹坑( 一半是晶苑集團資助  ) (4左方的葉子形狀田地)

依照這季的樹苗成長,在樹坑中生長的樹苗,正常是看不到有樹葉發芽現象的。但幸宜在樹皮底下都是存在綠色的生機(5)

 

文斌報告了一個令人憂慮的問題,在上年度補種的苗有8000棵,很不幸的其中有2000棵桑樹的根部,被土老鼠咬壞因而枯萎( 6)

原因是大量種植桑樹及其甜根部,所以吸引了這批不速之客到來進行破壞。我們立即和有關人士討論如何能盡早解決這嚴重問題,村長的建議是用胡蘿蔔混入毒藥滅殺這些地下老鼠。但我們很希望能找出最佳的方法,採用有效的根治去控制鼠患及保護植林區的樹木成長。土老鼠的天敵如貓頭鷹亦可考慮。

 

在第六段荒地上所種植的樹苗生長良好,令人喜出望外。文斌告知除了在一小部份地區的斜坡上所種的樹苗,需要補苗外,其他的存活率超過85%。在未來一年部份補苗的成長仍需在觀察中。在第一期及第二期植苗240000棵,只需補苗20000棵。現在第三期第一階段在170畝耕地植苗35600( 一半是晶苑集團資助  ) ,成長存活率有待觀察。去年冬天下雪後,雪水濕潤了樹坑,這是一個好消息。

 

我們被村長邀請到他家中午膳後,關永光醫生,葉榮根先生和我一齊攀登上第六區,檢視了該區的植苗生長,情況和去年相約,只是未曾發葉( 7)

凌友詩和高志豪同時去了解一間由當地政府所建的小房屋(8)

內有水井準備供應村民家,後因財政不足而停止連接水管,村民要走很遠路來打水。凌友詩決定個人經基金會捐獻約人民幣七千元資助村民完成工程。隨後由當地政府安排我們到訪了當地建築中的老人院及孤兒院,希望我們了解現有的狀況(9)

文斌很強調,他們不是要求我們施出援手而加重基金會的財政壓力,而是希望我們能協助他們把訊息傳遞給有興趣及有能力的組織。支持他們重建老人院及孤兒院的計劃。整個計劃的支出預算為七百萬人民幣,而政府已批出資助金五百萬人民幣,餘數則希望能有善心人士或組織出資完成計劃。我們口頭上應允會盡力幫他們將訊息傳遞,但不保証會有任何結果。

 

當天晚上,當地政府鎮書記和林業部等各要員宴請了我們一起共進晚餐。我們在席上獲當地政府再承諾會全力支援當地植林的工作。

 

 

第三天

早上在石樓賓館舉行了第三期第二階段450畝荒地上植樹的簽約儀式,出席包括了當地的黨委書記,林業部負責人等各要員。合約是以力行植林慈善基金會(GACF) 和林業部簽署,文斌預算計劃在今年內會種植樹苗58500(10)

 

其後我們前往連接山西與陝西的黃河大橋參觀(11)當地業林部已向政府有關部門在這裡申請以力行植林慈善基金會形式去種植生態林,但仍有待批准。我們遠眺了黃河附近已有種植30年的植林區(12)

我們和當地官員一起午膳,多謝他們的熱誠款待及對我們基金會植林的工作無限量的支持。

 

我們於下午2:30離開,經過四個多鐘頭的車程回到太原。我們相約了鄺立剛先生一起晚餐,在席上大家討論了我們在山西植林的工作。他對我們植苗存活率比其他地方種植為高,給予我們很高的評價。這可能是本地投放的種植資源有限所引致,但據聞這方面已有改善,例如每畝投入的金額已由80元人民幣增加至200元人民幣。我們亦提出很樂意在適當場合或時機,與有關人士互相交流種植樹木的經驗,希望對山西植林作出有效用的參考。

 

第四天

 

早上八時許出發,我們約在九時半到達王文嶺。關永光醫生和葉榮根先生登上了山峄上,檢視了王文嶺樹木的成長,與上年度相比差距不多。莊厚明醫生則負責到訪當地村委,討論種植及管理問題。根據村委的報告,莊醫生確認他們作出努力不懈,使樹木生長狀況良好。在今年冬季種植樹苗的有關計劃,將會在本年度8月份作出預算。此外,莊厚明醫生向村委提出聖母大學(University of Notre Dame)的大學生會在本年度5月尾左右到訪王文嶺,希望能體驗當地的生活。村民們都很高興接受這批外國大學生在他們家中渡宿一宵,同時希望藉此訪問作出中西文化交流的好機會。當我們在村民家中吃過午飯後,約在中午12:30啟程到太原機場,正式結束了這次的行程。

 

Shanxi April Visit Diary (3rd to 6th April 2010)

 

 

Day 1 Travel to ShekLau

 

     Dr. Kwan, Albert Yip, Eddy Ko and Dr. Chong’s family met together in Taiyuan Airport and travelled directly from TaiYuan airport to ShekLau at 5pm . The group arrived at ShekLau at about 9:30 pm. We took our dinner for half an hour at highway rest station.

 

 

Day 2 Inspection in ShekLau

 

     We walked up the plantation areas in Four River village in the morning and afternoon. The phase I area, especially the area donated by Mr. Shih, is now well occupied by tall trees about 15- 20 feet high (photo 1). Although the trees had shred their leaves in winter, the soil in the tree trenches were wet (photo 2) after removing the pine tree bark cover and dug out for few inches. The estimated survival rate in that area is more than 90 % as all three trees in on trench grew.

     Other parts of the plantation site were inspected when we walked up to the top of the mountain (photo 3). Though we could not walk up to the farthest site which is the 170 acres of land planted in last spring, we could see with nude eyes the tree trenches dug and the area that represent the 20 acres of land( photo 4) planted with Mr. Kwong’s method (Deputy head of the local forestry research institute). There were no leaves budding up at that season yet but the green stem underneath the tree bark had shown surviving trees.( photo 5)

     One worrying discovery is that ManBen had reported an overall 8000 sapling replacement plantation last year in which 2000 young trees were damaged by a kind of underground rat (photo 6) which ate the sweet root of mulberry(桑树). It is a new threat that never met before as there were no such trees in that amount before to attract the rats. We had discussed the ways of treating this problem promptly and poison mixed in carrot to kill the rats was suggested to the local village head and will be tried. We need further investigation of an effective measures to control the rats! [one alternative was the introduction of predator e.g. owl]

 

     The trees planted in the bare land in area 6 also grew well out of the expectation of Man Ben though there was a small area of slope which didn’t do well and needs supplementary plantation. The overall survival rate as reported by Man Ben is still more than 85% for all the trees planted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Some trees planted supplementary still need observation for their survival in this coming year but the total supplementary trees planted so far in past years only amount to 20,000 compared with the 240,000 trees planted in phase I &II. The 35,660 trees planted in 170 acres of land in stage I of phase 3 ( Half funded by Crystal Group)  needed monitoring this year for survival but the moderate snowing last winter is good for water supply when the snow melt in the tree trenches.

 

     We took dumpling lunch provided by village head in his home and Dr. Kwan, Albert and Dr. Chong climbed up and inspected area 6, the saplings are about the same as last August though there are no leaves now.(Photo 7) Grace Ling and Eddy visited a water supply house (Photo 8) partially finished by the government in which a well was dug to get water supply. There was however inadequate money to finish water pipe line connection to each house of the village and villagers needed to get water daily from it walking long distance. Grace Ling decided to donate the cost about RMB 7000 through the foundation to help finish the pipeline construction. We then all left for the elderly home and youth centre building planned by local home affair bureau to understand their suggestion (Photo 9). Man Ben stressed that they don’t want to pressurise our foundation on the financially support to the three planned & newly built blocks for caring of poorly old villagers and orphans. They just hoped that we can bring their needs to those interest and capable groups to support their building block which is now in progress of construction and further needs of a RMB 7 million support while 5 million was financed by the government already. We agreed to try our best as far as possible without any guarantee to any definite results.

     At evening we were invited by the local home affair bureau (民政局) officials for dinner which were attended by local forestry department head and local county head. We were once again promised by full support from the local government about the plantation work of our foundation.

 

 

 

Day 3 Formal Ceremory for Signing Contract

 

Early morning we had a formal ceremony in the conference room of the ShekLau Guest House to sign up the phase III stage 2 plantation work of the 450 acres of bare land. It was attended by the local forestry heads including the party secretary and forestry department head. The contract was signed by the GACF and the local forestry department with Man Ben to plant the 58,500 trees this year. (photo 10)

 

We played a short visit to the yellow river where a bridge is now being built to connect Shanxi and Shaanxi (photo 11). The local forestry department had applied a project for plantation work there using the plantation method by the Green Action Charity Foundation but is still pending for approval. We also inspected a distant local forest nearby the yellow river, which were planted for more than 30 years (photo 12). We had lunch with the local county head whom had once again showed his full support to our foundation’s work and his hospitality.

   

     We left for TaiYuan at about 2:30 pm and arrived after 4 hours of travel.

 

     We had dinner with Mr. Kwong Lap Gong and discussed about all aspects of our plantation works which he had appraisals on our survival rate compared with local methods which had a very low input per acres. There was however said to have a change to higher input per acres these years from RMB 80 to RMB 200 and we agreed that we might need to make some suggestions according to our experience to some relevant officers at appropriate time afterward. The main theme will be to improve information exchange and hopefully to give useful reference for a better plantation results in Shanxi.

 

 

Day 4, Visit to Wang Wen Ling Site

 

We travelled early 8:00am to Wong Man Ling and arrived there at about 9:30am. Dr. Kwan and Albert Yip climbed up the mountain to inspect the existing trees and reported a similar survival of trees compared with last year.

     Dr. Chong had an interview with the local villagers and village head to discuss the plantation management which is now under the village committee and confirmed their continued effort to maintain the trees in good condition.

     There is no more need so far for management of the planted trees and winter management cost will be planed in August. Dr. Chong also discussed the end of May visit by the university students from University of Notre Dame. The villagers were very glad to be the guest home for the foreign students for one night. We all hoped that the visit can be a good time for interflow of the east and west. We had lunch with the local villager in his home and then left at 12:30 noon to the airport.

 

 

 

         

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